Tag: Markets

The 510k search tool is a powerful research tool that can be used by medical device manufacturers, hospitals, and other medical facilities to help them find the right 510k submission for their needs. By using the 510k search tool, these organizations can reduce the amount of time and money spent on research and development, and ultimately improve patient care.

The 510k search tool is a web-based application that allows users to search for and view 510k submissions. The submissions are organized by device type, manufacturer, and intended use. The tool also allows users to filter submissions by date, status, and other criteria.

The 510k search tool is a valuable resource for medical device manufacturers, as it provides access to a wealth of information about 510k submissions. The tool can be used to find out about the submission process, what types of devices are covered by the 510k program, and what the requirements are for each type of device. In addition, the 510k search tool can be used to locate and download specific 510k submissions.

The 510k search tool is also a valuable resource for hospitals and other medical facilities. By using the 510k search tool, these organizations can reduce the amount of time and money spent on research and development, and ultimately improve patient care.

The first and most obvious benefit is that it can help you to identify potential new markets for your products. By using the 510k search tool, you can identify potential new customers who may be interested in your products. This can help you to expand your business and increase your sales.

Another benefit of using the 510k search tool is that it can help you to assess the competition. By using the 510k search tool, you can identify other companies who are marketing similar products to yours. This information can be used to help you to develop strategies to differentiate your products from the competition. This can help you to increase your market share and profits.

Finally, the 510k search tool can help you to monitor the performance of your products. By using the 510k search tool, you can identify any problems with your products and take corrective action. This can help you to improve the quality of your products and the satisfaction of your customers.

In conclusion, the 510k search tool can be a valuable asset for any company. By using the 510k search tool, you can identify potential new markets, assess the competition, and monitor the performance of your products. This information can be used to help you to expand your business and increase your profits.

Read Full Article

An investment service can provide individuals and businesses with a number of advantages. Here are some key benefits:

Help you to save time

If you are busy with work or other commitments, it can be difficult to find the time to research investments and make informed decisions about where to invest your money. An investment service can take care of this for you, freeing up your time to focus on other things.

Help you to save money.

Investment services can often get access to discounts and deals that individual investors would not be able to get. This can help you to save money on your investment costs, meaning you have more to invest and potentially earn a higher return.

Diversify your investments

Investment services can provide you with access to a wide range of investments, which can help you to spread your risk and diversify your portfolio. This can potentially help to protect you from losses in any one particular investment.

Provide you with expert advice

If you are new to investing, or simply don’t have the time to research investments yourself, an investment service can provide you with access to expert investment advice. This can help you to make more informed decisions about where to invest your money.

Stay disciplined

Investing can be a emotional process, and it can be easy to make impulsive decisions when markets are volatile. An investment service can help you to stay disciplined with your investment strategy, which can potentially help you to avoid making costly mistakes.

Read Full Article

Emergent Biosolutions Inc (NYSE:EBS) stock has been on a roll lately, and for good reason. The company is a leading provider of vaccines and biodefense products, and its products are in high demand due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

In addition, Emergent Biosolutions recently won a $2.8 billion contract from the U.S. government to provide 100 million doses of its anthrax vaccine. This contract is a major win for the company, and it should help to drive its top and bottom line growth in the coming years.

With all of this in mind, now is the time to buy Emergent Biosolutions stock. Here are three reasons why.

1. Strong growth prospects

Emergent Biosolutions is a top player in the vaccines and biodefense markets, two of the fastest-growing industries in the world. The company’s vaccines business is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11% through 2025, while its biodefense business is expected to grow at a CAGR of 9% during the same time period.

2. Robust balance sheet

Emergent Biosolutions has a strong balance sheet that gives it the financial flexibility to invest in growth initiatives and make acquisitions. The company had $1.1 billion in cash and investments at the end of the first quarter, and it generated $245 million in free cash flow over the last 12 months.

3. Compelling valuation

Emergent Biosolutions stock is attractively valued at just 12 times forward earnings. This is a significant discount to the company’s five-year average forward P/E ratio of 17.5.

In conclusion, Emergent Biosolutions is a leading player in the vaccines and biodefense markets, and its stock is attractively valued. The company also has a strong balance sheet and robust growth prospects. For these reasons, now is the time to buy Emergent Biosolutions stock.

Read Full Article

In the world of finance, there is always something new to research. Whether it’s a new financial product, a new market, or a new way of looking at an old problem, there is always something that financial professionals can learn. Here are some of the top financial research topics of today.

1. The Impact of Technology on Financial Markets

Technology has had a profound impact on financial markets, and this is only likely to continue. With the rise of high-frequency trading, algorithmic trading, and other forms of automated trading, the role of human traders is diminishing. This has led to increased volatility in financial markets, as well as a number of other changes. Researchers are still trying to understand all of the implications of this shift.

2. The Impact of Central Bank Policy on Financial Markets

Central banks around the world have been engaged in unprecedented monetary stimulus in recent years. This has had a wide-ranging impact on financial markets, but the full extent of this impact is still not fully understood. As central banks start to normalize policy, it will be interesting to see how financial markets react.

3. Behavioral Finance

Behavioral finance is a relatively new field that looks at the role of psychology in financial decision-making. It has found that human behavior often deviates from the assumptions of traditional finance theory, and this can have a significant impact on financial markets. This is an important area of research for understanding how financial markets work and how they might be improved.

4. Asset Pricing

Asset pricing is a fundamental part of finance, but there are still many unanswered questions in this area. For example, why do some assets seem to be overpriced or underpriced? What is the role of risk in asset pricing? These are just some of the questions that researchers are still trying to answer.

5. Financial Regulation

Financial regulation is another hot topic in the world of finance. With the recent financial crisis, there has been a lot of debate about the role of regulation in the financial system. There is still a lot of work to be done in this area to improve the effectiveness of regulation and to make sure that it doesn’t stifle innovation.

These are just some of the top financial research topics of today. There are many other important areas of research, but these are some of the most pressing issues that need to be addressed.

Read Full Article

Cash is not returning much more than 1% these days and financial markets are volatile and overvalued, portending lower future returns. Many homeowners wonder if they should use their surplus cash to more aggressive pay down their home mortgage. There are qualitative and quantitative factors to consider and the answer really depends on each person’s unique situation and attitudes.

Reasons you would want to consider paying off your mortgage

  • You want the sense of freedom obtained from not having a mortgage payment.
  • You want to pay off their home mortgage prior to retirement to reduce your fixed living expenses.
  • You think the stock market will have a lower return than your mortgage interest rate over the balance of your mortgage.
  • You have excess cash sitting in low-yielding money markets or savings accounts. Paying off a mortgage with a 4.5% interest rate, for example, will be a guaranteed higher rate of return than the cash and may even exceed what you could get on your investment portfolio over the next few years.
  • You are already maximizing your savings to your retirement accounts and have paid off other high-interest debt.
  • You have a relatively small balance and few remaining years on your mortgage.
  • You have a hard time saving extra money and adding extra principal payments to your mortgage will be a ‘forced’ savings program.
  • Your payment and or interest rate are high.
  • You anticipate a declining income.

Reasons you may not want to accelerate you mortgage payoff.

  • You have low cash reserves.
  • You have other loans with high-interest rates than need to be paid off.
  • You have a low-interest rate are young and plan on living in the home for the foreseeable future. Over time, your inflation-adjusted mortgage payment will seem extremely affordable.
  • You want to leverage your money. By taking on debt for your home, you can free up money to be invested in the stock market.
  • You expect stock market returns to exceed the interest rate of your mortgage over the remaining term of your mortgage.
  • You need to maximize your liquid assets. Don’t be house rich and cash poor. Those with a high home value relative to their other liquid investments don’t want to pour all of their extra funds into the home as they will have minimal liquid assets to live off of. This is particularly an issue during retirement.
  • Your payment is low and affordable.
  • You plan on moving to another residence in the next few years.

Taxes are also a consideration. But I don’t normally encourage that clients make major debt decisions based solely on taxes. If you are in a higher tax bracket, the mortgage deduction has more value, but note that there is a good chance that future Congressional action may completely eliminate this deduction or limit it to lower income levels.

Read Full Article

The SEC Commission has approved rules that require institutional money market funds to implement floating share values and other restrictions, such as restricting withdrawals and imposing redemption fees of up to 2% if fund assets drop below prescribed levels.  The shares would float based on changes to NAV (changes to the underlying market value of the fund’s assets).  Currently, these funds have a fixed price of $1 per share.

The rules were crafted in response to the 2008 financial crisis, when corporate lending markets seized up in response to a lack of liquidity.  The new restrictions will hopefully help maintain capital levels and keep markets operating smoothly during times of stress.

Individual Money Market Funds Not Affected

While the new floating share rules apply to institutional funds (both prime and tax exempt), they will not impact government and retail funds that are sold to individual investors. (Note that they will apply to institutional municipal money markets.)  However, provisions for liquidity fees and redemption gates do apply to all funds, both institutional and retail.

For a definition of government and retail money market funds, the SEC provides this detail via a press release on their website:

Government and Retail Money Market Funds Government and retail money market funds would be allowed to continue using the amortized cost method and/or penny rounding method of pricing to seek to maintain a stable share price.  A government money market fund would be defined as any money market fund that invests 99.5 percent (formerly 80 percent) or more of its total assets in cash, government securities and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized solely by government securities or cash.  A retail money market fund would be defined as a money market fund that has policies and procedures reasonably designed to limit all beneficial owners of the money market fund to natural persons.  A municipal (or tax-exempt) fund would be required to transact at a floating NAV unless the fund meets the definition of a retail money market fund, in which case it would be allowed to use the amortized cost method and/or penny rounding method of pricing to seek to maintain a stable share price.

One way this might affect individuals, is if they invest in institutional money market funds through their 401K.  It is likely that most retirement plans will choose retail money market funds as a plan option for this reason.  This will affect small and large businesses that use these accounts as short term funding for their day to day and week to week operations.  For a related article on this subject read more here.

The new rules will not go into effect immediately.  Fund companies have two years to comply with the new restrictions.

Read Full Article

Investors are well aware that financial markets go up and down.  That is the essence of business and economic cycles.  What is difficult for individual investors to master is how to act in the face of market advances and declines.  Unfortunately, most people become very tolerant of risk and increase their exposure to the stock market when the market is advancing.  Similarly, they avoid risk and clip their exposure to stocks when markets are declining, or after a large correction.  It is human nature and “recency bias” that create this visceral response to market perturbations.  Recency bias occurs when investors believe that the most recent performance of their investment portfolios will continue indefinitely in the future.  It is just one factor that results in investors consistently underperforming the stock market.

Brad M. Barber  and Terrance Odean, in their 2011 study “The Behavior of Individual Investors,” conclude that individuals routinely underperform benchmarks through 1) selling winning investments and holding losing investments, 2) being heavy influenced by most recent past returns (repeating investment behavior that coincides with pleasure and avoiding behavior that is painful), and 3) holding undiversified portfolios.

Dalbar studies have also shown that most individual investors typically trail the market rate of return, and they typically do so by a fairly wide margin.

The message from Dalbar since its first study in 1994 is that investment results are more dependent on investor behavior than fund performance and that mutual fund investors who tend to buy and hold are more successful than those who attempt to time the market.

Investors who attempt to time the market are often acting irrationally out of fear of a potential loss.  Stocks and investment funds happen to be the only assets that people buy less of when they become less expensive. Let’s think about buying food at the supermarket, if the price of steak rose considerably, you would be more inclined to reduce your purchase of steak or buy something else, but if the supermarket suddenly reduced the price of the steak by 30%, you would stock up.  However, you do the opposite when it comes to stocks and other investments.  The stock market can foster a gambling mentality.  When you are on a roll you hate to stop, but that is exactly when you should cash some chips in.

So how does an investor counteract the tendency to time the market and invest based on most recent results?  Rebalancing is great way to fight the effects of recency bias.  Rebalancing to your target asset allocation is a mechanistic and unemotional way to fight these counterintuitive emotions.  I sometimes get an odd look from my clients when I suggest that they rebalance after a market run-up.  “Why would I want to do that, the market is hot?” might be a typical comment.  But that is exactly why rebalancing is so important.  It removes the emotions, market noise, and other extraneous factors, and reminds the investor of their original financial plan and goals.

The best value-added proposition a financial advisor provides is to set the target allocation and then monitor and adjust it based on the client’s personal goals and life events.  The asset allocation is set within the investment policy statement and the portfolio is rebalanced yearly, or as needed, after large market advances or declines.  The asset allocation is revisited periodically, at least every 3 years, and is adjusted in response to a client’s retirement goals, change in health or marital status, or market valuations.

Rebalancing in this way, will not only help the client attain rates of return closer to the respective benchmarks for his or her portfolio, it can actually be a source of additional return.  In a recent article in Financial Planning magazine, “Portfolio Rebalancing: Get It Right,” Allan Roth underscores the incremental benefit of rebalancing.  His analysis shows that “over the past 15 years, the portfolio that stuck to its allocation earned 1.54 percentage points more each year than the average portfolio that tried to time asset classes.”

Rebalancing is just one area where advisors add incremental return and why it is essential for our clients to commit to the annual review and rebalance exercise.   Emotions can be hard to control, let your re-balancing take them out of the mix, so you can maximize your long range returns.

Read Full Article

If you have planning to invest your money in the stock market, you need to read this carefully. It cannot be denied that every investment has its own risk. Today’s article gives an overview of the situation in the stock market today and the prediction about what will happen in the future.

Client meetings over the past year have been quite sanguine. Investments and assets are up. People seem to feel better about job security. The housing market is slowly recovering, and retirement projections look rosier. Strong stock market performance is good, in that it gets us closer to our goals; however, it can also breed a false sense of complacency.

Valuations are high and reaching points not seen since 2007, 1929, and by some metrics, even 2000.

Overvalued Stock Market

Courtesy:www.insideinvest.com.sg

Stock markets become overvalued when stock prices rise at a much faster rate than earnings, which is what has occurred for the past several years due to the belief that the Federal Reserve’s quantitative easing policies will continue to force investors into stocks in order to get a decent return on their money; low-interest rates punish savers and cause them to seek yield by investing in increasingly speculative investments. But even members of the Federal Reserve are warning about frothy segments of the market as they tiptoe toward shutting off the quantitative easing spigot.

debt is increasingly being purchased on the basis of yield rather than the careful evaluation of repayment prospects. John Hussman Hussman Funds

The Cycles In Financial Markets

Courtesy:encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com

It is important to remember that financial markets move in cycles, and just because this multiyear stock market advance has been rewarding, it does not mean that it can continue indefinitely. In fact, the longer it persists, the greater the chance of a severe correction.

One way to evaluate whether or not the market is expensive is to look at the current PE10 or CAPE ratio. This valuation method was developed by Robert Shiller from Yale, and it historically has been helpful in forecasting market crashes as well as future rates of return.

This article in the WSJ “Yes, Virginia, You Can Time the Market” explains that, although no one can time the market with precision, using the Shiller PE as a method to modify your stock exposure by overweighting or underweighting by up to 30 percentage points has resulted in stellar returns since 1926.

The Prediction of Bubbles

Courtesy:www.nasdaq.com

It is a strategy, however, that requires patience. A high CAPE ratio can persist for years. It tends to have a better success rate for predicting 10-year future returns and is less accurate in predicting returns less than 5 years out. In fact, in 2000 it was over five years early in diagnosing an overvalued market. The article acknowledges that extreme market timing by moving all of your assets in and out of the market based on certain parameters is very difficult and not a recommended strategy. Using Shiller’s ratio, though, can provide some guidance in dialing down equities when markets are overvalued and dialing up exposure when markets are undervalued, thus protecting investors from large corrections and enhancing long-range returns.  See the chart to the left.

John Hussman has been warning about stock valuations for years as the Shiller PE, as well as his additional proprietary methods, indicate that returns over the next decade will be roughly 2%, before inflation. His weekly commentaries are a must-read.

He makes this powerful assertion in, Yes, This Is An Equity Bubble:

Make no mistake – this is an equity bubble, and a highly advanced one. On the most historically reliable measures, it is easily beyond 1972 and 1987, beyond 1929 and 2007, and is now within about 15% of the 2000 extreme. The main difference between the current episode and that of 2000 is that the 2000 bubble was strikingly obvious in technology, whereas the present one is diffused across all sectors in a way that makes valuations for most stocks actually worse than in 2000.

The question a rational and prudent investor should as himself is this, “ is it prudent for me to take additional risk in the stock market at this juncture, given such dismal future returns?” This is a particularly important consideration for those people who are looking to retire in the next 7-10 years, as well as those how have recently retired.

For more information on the Shiller PE and market valuations you may want to read the following:

Market Valuation Overview- Yet More Expensive

The Mystery of Lofty Market Valuations by Robert Shiller

Is the CAPE Ratio Good at Predicting Future Returns? (Yes) Is it Perfect? (No)

Read Full Article

If you know that you are not in complete control of your life, it is a good idea to listen to the discussion in the following article. Life is hectic. Day to day chores, work, and family obligations can keep us from our longer term aspirations. We may have goals that we set up at the beginning of the year or a timeline that we want to accomplish as we move through certain stages of our life, but these targets can seem elusive, if we do not occasionally take a realistic assessment of our progress. Perhaps, a quick 10 minute financial audit is a good place to start.

Take ten to reflect on your financial life and measure your financial “pulse” to see if you are in decent financial shape. Here are a few quick and easy questions for you to ask yourself to complete the review:

First, are you prepared for a catastrophe?

Courtesy : geab.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Mr-catastrophe.jpg

We all have family members, coworkers, and friends who have experienced a job loss, death, or disability. We tend to think naively that a similar event would never happen to us; but unfortunately, we are not immune from hardship. Ask yourself the following specific questions.

  • Is your job secure? If not, do you have at least 6 months cash to cover your expenses until you can find employment?
  • If you or your loved one were to die, would there be sufficient insurance to cover your future living expenses such that you could maintain your current lifestyle?
  • Do you have an updated will and other estate planning documents or would there be chaos or confusion among your family members upon your death or incapacity?
  • If the primary earner was to become disabled, how would you cover the lost income from his or her salary?
  • If you have group disability, will the after tax benefit be sufficient to pay your monthly living expenses? (Disability benefits for which premiums are paid with pretax dollars are taxable, whereas benefits paid with after tax dollars are tax free).
  • Even if you were to cover the basics through a disability policy, would you be able to still save for retirement?

These are tough questions to ponder, but very important to consider, just in case the unthinkable happens. The probability of a disability is very real. Statistics show that just over 1 in 4 of today’s 20 year-olds will become disabled before they retire, and that of the 37 million disabled Americans(in 2013), 50% are in their working years (age 18-64).*

In fact, a typical non-smoking female, age 35, 5’4″, 125 pounds, who works in an office job with some outdoor physical responsibilities, and who leads a healthy lifestyle, has a 24% chance of becoming disabled for 3 months or longer during her career with a 38% chance that the disability will last 5 years or longer. The typical male has a 21% chance of becoming disabled with the same rate as females of a long term disability (38%).* Of course, the risks are higher for people who do not live a healthy lifestyle.

If you can’t answer the questions above, or you are concerned that you are not protected in the event of an unforeseen circumstance, you need to focus on risk management. You should immediately look into additional insurance coverage to protect against these events.

Second, are you moving closer to your important life goals?

Courtesy : www.cleverism.com

If you need to purchase a car or other large purchase in the near future, are you gradually saving money in a separate savings account so that you can pay for your purchase in cash?

Are you contributing annually to your kids’ college funding accounts?  It is best to start as early as possible so that you save less each year. If you wait until the kids are in high school, there are fewer years to save and the process will be much more onerous. Time and dollar compounding make the process easier requiring that you save less over time.

Are you saving at least 10% of your salary (not including your employer contribution) for retirement and are you on track to retire? (A basic rule of thumb is for a retiree to amass roughly 15 times their income by age 65. By age 50, you should have about 6 times your income saved; and at 40, 2.5 times your income saved.) If you are behind, you will need to save more than 10%.

Third, do you understand what your invested in and why?

Courtesy : www.moneyunder30.com

You should primarily be aware of how much exposure to the stock market you have and if that makes sense given your age, goals, and investing personality.  Ultimately, you should have a low cost, diversified portfolio of funds that you can stick with, even in the event of a very large market correction.

You should also not be paying high fees for investment management and for “active” funds. If you think you are paying too much or are worried you have too many accounts that are spread over several investment companies, you would likely benefit from cost reduction, consolidation, and simplification.

Finally, do you have anxiety over any aspect of your financial life?

Courtesy : www.hopetocope.com

If there is something that is bothering you, it is important to address it quickly and thoroughly so that you can sleep better at night. Furthermore, if you are the kind of person that would find it hard to quickly pull together your key financial documents such as recent tax forms, investment statements, and insurance policies, you will likely benefit from some financial housekeeping and coaching. Awareness and intention are important elements for financial success.   To this end, you may find that working with a financial advisor or coach is a great way to improve and enhance your financial security.

The financial planning process is a great way to create a roadmap for your financial life. Working with a fee only CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNERTM professional is a great place to start. The planner can put together a comprehensive plan and then meet with you to review the plan on at least an annual basis.  For my clients, each year I provide a color coded financial “report card” that measures progress toward specific financial goals in all areas of their financial life—insurance, cash flows, college planning, retirement planning and estate planning.

We also review their portfolio, and discuss market valuations and the very real and ongoing potential for markets to correct. This ensures that the client is mentally and emotionally prepared for market volatility and protects them against irrational behavior at market peaks and troughs. A tax checklist is also reviewed to see if there are opportunities to reduce taxes, both in the short and long term.

Annual reviews are an essential part of the financial planning process. They provide feedback on progress and direction in response to changes in financial markets and retirement and tax legislation. Most importantly, they provide moral support and encouragement for the client. The review forces clients to focus on their finances in an intentional way.

I once told one of my long term clients that since she had been coming in for years and her plan was in good shape, we could move to less frequent reviews, say every other year, if she wanted. She commented that she was happy to pay the fee for more frequent reviews, as it forced her to pull her information together and give it a good look every year. This annual exercise was meaningful for her and well worth the time and investment.

Read Full Article

Addressing a large and unresolved issue that had pended since 2008, the Securities and Exchange Commission yesterday imposed new restrictions on money-market mutual funds. The rules will perform a sort of balancing act, reducing the risk of the $2.6 trillion industry, but keeping intact the prime utility of the product. Asset management companies, as well as the five-member SEC committee, have given the move mixed reviews, with two members of the latter voting against the new ruling.

The SEC Commission has approved rules that require institutional money market funds to implement floating share values and other restrictions, such as restricting withdrawals and imposing redemption fees of up to 2% if fund assets drop below prescribed levels.  The shares would float based on changes to NAV (changes to the underlying market value of the fund’s assets).  Currently, these funds have a fixed price of $1 per share.

The New Rules

Young businesswoman and businessman signing contract in office

According to Mary Jo White, SEC chairwoman, these rules “will reduce the risk of runs in money market funds and provide important new tools that will help further protect investors and the financial system.” She went on: “Together, this strong reform package will make our markets more resilient and enhance transparency and fairness of these products for America’s investors.”

Wall Street Positively Affected

(FILES) In this file photo taken on December 19, 2018 traders work on the floor at the closing bell of the Dow Industrial Average at the New York Stock Exchange. – Wall Street stocks pushed higher for a second session in a row on January 7, 2019, a sign of improved investor sentiment despite the ongoing US government shutdown and other economic headwinds. The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended 0.4 percent higher at 23,531.35, as the broad-based S&P 500 gained 0.7 percent to close at 2,549.69. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP)BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP/Getty Images

Wall Street seemed on the whole satisfied with the final results – which are a significant shift from the 2012 proposal. Then, former SEC Chairwoman Mary L. Schapiro wanted all funds to adopt the floating NAV practice or hold capital to absorb losses of any kind.

The rules were crafted in response to the 2008 financial crisis, when corporate lending markets seized up in response to a lack of liquidity.  The new restrictions will hopefully help maintain capital levels and keep markets operating smoothly during times of stress.

Individual Money Market Funds Not Affected

While the new floating share rules apply to institutional funds (both prime and tax exempt), they will not impact government and retail funds that are sold to individual investors. (Note that they will apply to institutional municipal money markets.)  However, provisions for liquidity fees and redemption gates do apply to all funds, both institutional and retail.

For a definition of government and retail money market funds, the SEC provides this detail via a press release on their website:

Government and Retail Money Market Funds – Government and retail money market funds would be allowed to continue using the amortized cost method and/or penny rounding method of pricing to seek to maintain a stable share price.  A government money market fund would be defined as any money market fund that invests 99.5 percent (formerly 80 percent) or more of its total assets in cash, government securities and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized solely by government securities or cash.  A retail money market fund would be defined as a money market fund that has policies and procedures reasonably designed to limit all beneficial owners of the money market fund to natural persons.  A municipal (or tax-exempt) fund would be required to transact at a floating NAV unless the fund meets the definition of a retail money market fund, in which case it would be allowed to use the amortized cost method and/or penny rounding method of pricing to seek to maintain a stable share price.

One way this might affect individuals, is if they invest in institutional money market funds through their 401K.  It is likely that most retirement plans will choose retail money market funds as a plan option for this reason.  This will affect small and large businesses that use these accounts as short term funding for their day to day and week to week operations.

The new rules will not go into effect immediately.  Fund companies have two years to comply with the new restrictions.

Read Full Article